In Crete, the 5th larger island in the Mediterranean, where Europe, Asia and Africa intersect, took place one of the most ancient civilizations, the Minoan civilization in Knossos.
Minos was supposed to be the offspring of Zeus’ beloved one, Europa (the European Continent derives its name from this character of Greek mythology.) From Crete, Apostle Paul, started his quest to bring Christianity to Europe.
The island is dominated by harsh mountains. The gradually sloping northern coast provides several natural harbours and coastal plains. The island has only a few small rivers, together with springs and seasonal water courses. Crete's climate varies between temperate and tropical, while winter temperatures are relatively mild. The Cretan landscape is dominated by characteristic Mediterranean scrub and olives, carobs, and orange trees which are cultivated there.
The population is concentrated in the cities on the northern coast and in the Mesara Plain-a significant percentage of the locals are employed in the agricultural sector.